Research into a common central bank digital currency is a novelty so far.
The central banks of two of the most powerful countries in the Middle East today released their report for a year-long joint project on central bank digital currencies (CBDC).
The result is a song of praise for blockchain technology
The Project But which in 2019 jointly by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia was launched was to explore the goal of the practical use of a digital currency, in order to „new findings in the fields of central digital currencies and To collect blockchain technology ”.
The joint research of two central banks on such a project is a novelty. In this context, the report highlights why the project name „but“ symbolizes the objective of the project:
„We chose the name Aber because it means ‚crossing borders‘ in Arabic, which reflects both the cross-border / international nature of the project and our hope that it will ‚push boundaries‘ in terms of technology.“
The project was divided into three different phases, which gradually expanded the scope of the tests to six banks. A digital currency was used that was tied to real money in order to create “greater seriousness” in the processing of payments and to make the aspect of security all the more important.
The project report concludes that the common central bank digital currency “is not only technically suitable for processing cross-border payments”, but that CBDCs “are a significant improvement over centralized payment systems in terms of resilience”.
Project But was able to meet all the basic requirements for such a payment system:
„The basic requirements were all created, including complex requirements for data protection and decentralization, as well as requirements for minimizing economic risks.“
Finally, the report made recommendations for further research into implementation. These recommendations include, on the one hand, the use of blockchain technology to improve the security of existing payment systems and „open up blockchain-based payment channels“, and on the other hand, the scope of Project But must be expanded to include partners in other regions and other financial products such as for example to include bonds.
In addition to Project Aber, other central banks have also been working on their own digital currencies in recent months. China is probably the fastest moving forward and has already created a legal framework for the digital yuan. Great Britain is meanwhile also trying to sound out the legal requirements for a digital currency, while Brazil has announced that it definitely wants to introduce its own CBDC.